Aid in action

Afghanistan: evaluating needs from a joint perspective

Flood victims line up to receive a pre-package of food

The COVID-19 pandemic drove accelerated engagement between humanitarian and development actors in 2020. The cross-cutting nature of the response opened space for Afghanistan’s first common humanitarian-development needs analysis. Under this new approach, the Inter-Cluster Coordination Team worked with development actors to identify people who required an urgent social safety-net response from the Government and development actors. Thirty-five million people (93 per cent of the population) living on less than $2 per day were included in this response. This overlap of humanitarian and development needs was used by the World Bank to design its Dastarkhan-e-Milli programme with the Government. The programme will deliver hundreds of millions of dollars in social assistance to people in poverty, ensuring no one is left behind.

Planning for 2021 has provided another opportunity to continue strengthening linkages with development actors. An updated common needs analysis identified approximately 30.5 million people in need of some form of social assistance (IPC 2+ food insecurity, roughly 75 per cent of the population). From this group, 15.7 million will be targeted for humanitarian assistance under the 2021 HRP, while the rest will require broader assistance from development actors and the Government.

WFP/Massoud Hossaini


  1. Based on data from the UNFPA-World Pop-Flowminder population project for Afghanistan.